Heartworm facts in New Mexico:
Heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) is a serious, sometimes fatal disease affecting all breeds of dogs.Humans can also become infected, but the worms are unable to develop or mature because humans are not their natural host. Though there are several general of mosquitoes that transmit heartworms, Aedes Vexans have the greatest potential for transmission. Migration of several miles from the breeding site towards city lights has been observed.
- Laid singly in depressions in soil subject to flooding or inudation with rain or melting snow, or above the waterline in artificial containers or tree holes.
- Serve as the overwintering stage.
- May lie dormant in dry soil for up to five years. Eggs may require a period of desiccation (drying out) and/or
- May hatch within a few hours when area re-floods if conditions are favorable.
- Common in temporary pools of rain or snowmelt runoff, irrigation wastewater, inundated floodplains or pastures, roadside ditches, anlong margins of streams, and artifical containers and tree holes.
- Egg hatch to adult may be completed in 10-14 days in warm weather.
Adult Female Mosquito
- Fierce, aggressive biters.
- Rest during the day, but will bite if distrubed and on cloudy days.
- Most active in the evening.
- Difficult to see
- Long range flight has been recorded up to 100 miles.
- Dispersal from breeding site is influenced by terrrain, wind
- speed and direction.
- May produce several generations per year.
- Common throughout the state.